Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to licensing. In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding licensing, the legal framework in place for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these acts. Join us as we explore this critical subject and empower you with the knowledge to protect your rights and safety.

Licensing Under the Copyright Act, 1957

Licensing under the Copyright Act involves the granting of permissions and rights by the copyright owner to others for the use of copyrighted works. Licensing in copyright refers to the process of granting permission to use copyrighted works to others, usually in exchange for a fee or other consideration. Copyright licensing allows the copyright owner to maintain control over their work while granting others the right to use it in specific ways and under specific conditions. Licensing in copyright refers to the granting of permission or authorization by a copyright owner to another party to exercise certain rights protected by copyright law. It allows the licensee (the authorized party) to use, reproduce, distribute, perform, display, or modify the copyrighted work in a manner specified by the license agreement, while the licensor (the copyright owner) retains ownership of the work.

Here are the key details regarding licensing under the Copyright Act:

  1. Copyright Ownership: Copyright is a form of intellectual property that automatically vests with the creator of an original work, such as literary, artistic, musical, or dramatic works, as well as films, sound recordings, and computer programs. The copyright owner has exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, display, perform, and create derivative works from their copyrighted work.
  2. Licensing as Permission: Licensing allows the copyright owner (licensor) to grant specific permissions or rights to another party (licensee) for the use of their copyrighted work. It is a legal agreement between the licensor and licensee that outlines the terms and conditions of use.
  3. Types of Licenses: The Copyright Act recognizes various types of licenses:

a. Exclusive License: An exclusive license grants the licensee exclusive rights to use the copyrighted work. The licensor cannot grant licenses to others for the same use during the license period.

b. Non-Exclusive License: A non-exclusive license allows the licensor to grant licenses to multiple parties for the same use. The licensor retains the right to grant licenses to others.

c. Compulsory License: The Copyright Act may provide for compulsory licenses in certain circumstances. These licenses allow the use of copyrighted works without the explicit permission of the copyright owner, often for specific purposes such as broadcasting, public performance, or educational use. Conditions and royalties may be set by law for such licenses.

d. Creative Commons License: Creative Commons licenses provide standardized permissions for the use of creative works. These licenses allow the copyright owner to specify the rights they wish to retain and the permissions they grant. They offer a flexible framework for sharing creative works while respecting copyright.

  1. Licensing Agreement: Licensing agreements are legal contracts between the licensor and licensee. They outline the specific terms and conditions of use, including the scope of the license, duration, geographical limitations, royalties or fees, and any restrictions or limitations on the use of the copyrighted work. Licensing agreements can be customized and negotiated to meet the needs of both parties.
  2. Royalties and Fees: Licensing often involves the payment of royalties or fees by the licensee to the licensor. The amount and structure of these payments are typically specified in the licensing agreement and may be based on factors such as the nature of the work, the extent of use, and market standards.
  3. Enforceability: Licensing agreements are legally binding, and the rights and obligations outlined in the agreement can be enforced by either party in a court of law if there is a breach of the agreement.
  4. Collective Licensing: In some cases, copyright licensing is managed by collective management organizations (CMOs), which act as intermediaries between copyright owners and users. CMOs collect royalties and distribute them to the copyright owners based on the usage of their works.
  5. License Terms and Conditions: A copyright license agreement typically outlines the specific rights being granted, any limitations or restrictions on the use of the work, the duration of the license, any royalty or payment arrangements, and any other terms and conditions agreed upon by the licensor and licensee.


Licensing agreements are typically negotiated between the copyright owner/licensor and the licensee, who wishes to use the copyrighted work. These agreements outline the specific terms and conditions under which the work can be used, such as the duration of the license, geographical limitations, permitted uses, royalties or fees, and any restrictions or limitations on the use of the work. When a work is created, the copyright automatically vests with the creator, granting them exclusive rights to reproduce, distribute, display, perform, and make derivative works from that creation. However, copyright owners have the ability to grant licenses to others, allowing them to exercise some or all of these rights.

We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services for matters related to Copyright Act, 1957. We have a website on which we publish blogs informing the litigants about the said laws. Draft a blog which can be published on our website…

Written by: Adv Priyanka Goel (D/945/2020)

Prasanjeet Mallick

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