Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to the legislature. In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding the legislature, the legal framework in place for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these acts. Join us as we explore this critical subject and empower you with the knowledge to protect your rights and safety.

 Powers and Functions of a Legislature

A legislature is a governing body within a democratic system that plays a crucial role in the formulation, amendment, and enactment of laws. Its primary function is to represent the interests of the people and provide a platform for deliberation and decision-making on various issues. It is part of the government in charge of enacting laws, advocating for the needs of the populace, and guaranteeing a system of checks and balances. The legislature, whether it be a state assembly or a national parliament, is crucial in establishing public policy and defending democratic values.

Primary Functions:

The following are the roles played by a legislature and their importance to the democratic process.

Lawmaking: The primary function of a legislature is to make laws. Legislators, also known as lawmakers or parliamentarians, draft, discuss, and debate bills that address various issues affecting society. These bills cover a wide range of topics, such as public health, education, taxation etc. Through the legislative process, laws are enacted or amended, reflecting the needs and aspirations of the people.

Representation: Legislatures serve as a platform for representing the interests and concerns of the citizens. Elected representatives, often referred to as Members of Parliament (MPs) or Members of the Legislative Assembly (MLAs), act as intermediaries between the government and the people. They voice the opinions and grievances of their constituents.

Oversight and Accountability: The legislature ensures accountability of the executive branch. Legislators scrutinize the policies and actions of the government, critically evaluating their impact on the public. Through this oversight function, the legislature plays a crucial role in preventing abuse of power and corruption.

Budgetary Control: Legislatures have the power to approve budgets and financial plans presented by the government. The budgetary process allows legislators to assess government priorities, allocate resources to different sectors, and monitor the financial health of the nation or region.

Representation and Deliberation: Legislatures serve as forums for dialogue and deliberation. They provide opportunities for representatives to express diverse viewpoints, engage in constructive debates, and seek consensus on policy matters.

Constituent Services: Legislators often act as intermediaries between the public and government agencies, assisting constituents in navigating bureaucratic processes and addressing their concerns. They help citizens in matters such as accessing public services, resolving grievances, and advocating for their rights.

Constitutional Role: In constitutional matters, the legislature plays a vital role. It may participate in constitutional amendments, ensuring that any changes to the constitution are made with due process and broad consensus.

Maintaining International Relations: In parliamentary democracies, legislatures may have a role in international relations. They approve international agreements and participate in inter-parliamentary forums. By engaging in international affairs, legislatures contribute to diplomacy, regional cooperation and the development of foreign policy.


For the preservation of democratic ideals, the advancement of the common good, and the maintenance of efficient government, the roles and responsibilities of a legislature are crucial. Legislators actively participate in public dialogue and decision-making to help create an equitable and successful society and to affect the destiny of a country or region.

We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services for matters related to Constitutional laws. We have a website on which we publish blogs informing the litigants about the said laws. Draft a blog which can be published on our website…..

Written by: Adv Priyanka Goel (D/945/2020)

Prasanjeet Mallick

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