Wrongful termination refers to the unlawful dismissal of an employee from their job, violating either federal or state employment laws. This act can have serious consequences for both employers and employees, leading to legal actions and financial repercussions. It is crucial for both parties to understand the legal aspects surrounding termination to ensure fair treatment and compliance with the law.

Various Kinds of Wrongful Termination:

Termination is one of the most unpleasant experiences, but it has to be done in a way that complies with the law and ethics. The following are some examples of unethical terminations:

  • Discrimination: It is a form of wrongful termination if you are fired due to your age, race, sex, nationality, or any other discriminatory reason. For example, an employer cannot fire an employee for having HIV based on discrimination. Any employer who does this would be considered to have fired employees unfairly.
  • Breach of Contract: If you and your employer have signed a contract for employment, you both have to abide by its terms. It is a form of wrongful termination if the employer violates any of these conditions. It would be considered wrongful termination of employment if any employee were fired by forcing them to resign.
  • Additional factors: It’s also considered wrongful termination if you were let go due to an argument at work, a personal grudge, or your refusal to follow your employer’s or employee’s illegal orders. You cannot be fired by your employer for personal grievances against them.

Remedies Against Wrongful Termination of the employee

When an employer ends an employee’s employment in contravention of labour laws, rules, or the employment contract, it is referred to as an illegal termination, sometimes called a wrongful termination. The employee may use certain rights to seek redress in such circumstances. I’ll go over a few of the rights employees have regarding wrongful termination in this response.

  • Right to file a complaint: Employees have the right to file a complaint with the relevant government body if they think their termination was unlawful. Employees in India, for instance, have the option of bringing a complaint before the labour commissioner or the labour court.
  • Right to reinstatement: An employee is entitled to reinstatement if it is determined that their termination was unlawful. This implies that the employer has to put the Employee back to work in the same capacity and with the same pay and benefits as they did prior to the employee’s termination.
  • Right to compensation: Sometimes the circumstances surrounding the termination prevent an employee from wanting to be reinstated or from being able to be reinstated at all. In these situations, the Employee is entitled to damages for losses suffered as a result of the wrongful termination. This can involve other damages, such as emotional distress and lost wages.
  • Right to legal representation: Employees have the right to legal counsel if they think their termination was unlawful. The employee can file a complaint, seek appropriate redress, and understand their rights with the assistance of an experienced employment law attorney.

It’s important to remember that an employee’s rights to an illegal termination may change based on the laws and regulations that apply. Furthermore, because there are time limits on filing complaints and seeking redress, employees must act within the allotted period following termination

Employees who were wrongfully let go have certain legal recourse options at their disposal. These rights include the ability to register a complaint, the ability to be compensated, the ability to be reinstated, the ability to get back pay, and the ability to hire legal counsel. In the event that an employee feels they were wrongfully let go, they should consult an employment law attorney right away.

Steps to Take in Case of Wrongful Termination:

  • Document the Events: Keep detailed records of any incidents related to your termination, including dates, times, and the individuals involved.
  • Review Employment Contracts and Company Policies: Understand the terms of your employment contract and any relevant company policies to determine if your termination was in violation of these agreements.
  • Consult an Attorney: Seek legal advice to assess the validity of your claim and understand your rights and options. An employment attorney can guide you through the legal process.
  • File a Complaint: Depending on the nature of the termination, you may file a complaint with relevant government agencies, such as the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) for discrimination cases.
  • Negotiation or Litigation: Your attorney may attempt to negotiate a settlement with your former employer. If a resolution cannot be reached, litigation may be pursued.


Understanding wrongful termination and its legal implications is crucial for both employers and employees. Employers should prioritize fair and legal employment practices, while employees should be aware of their rights and take appropriate action if they believe they have been wrongfully terminated. Legal consultation is often necessary to navigate the complexities of employment law and seek a fair resolution.

We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services related to law matters in India, please do not hesitate to contact us. We are here to provide you with expert legal counsel and representation tailored to your specific needs and concerns.

Written by: Avichal Singhal Adv.

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