At the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, we are committed to providing comprehensive legal support, especially in matters related to the protection of children. As part of our dedication to raising awareness and educating litigants, we are pleased to present this blog discussing the laws pertaining to the protection of children under the Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1921. By familiarizing ourselves with these crucial provisions, we can work together to safeguard the rights and well-being of children.

Definitions and Scope:

The IPC, 1921 encompasses various sections that address offenses against children. Before delving into specific laws, it is essential to understand a few key terms used in the legal framework for child protection:

a) Child: According to the IPC, a child is an individual below the age of 18 years.

b) Offense: This refers to any act or omission punishable under the IPC that is detrimental to the rights and welfare of a child.

Sections related to the Protection of Children: Let’s now examine some crucial sections of the IPC that aim to safeguard children from harm and ensure their overall well-being:

a) Section 82: Responsibility of a Child Above Seven but Below Twelve Years of Age: This provision states that a child above the age of seven but below twelve cannot be held criminally liable for any offense committed. It recognizes that children within this age group lack the maturity to understand the consequences of their actions fully.

b) Section 83: Act of a Child Above Twelve and Below Sixteen Years of Age: Similar to Section 82, this section exempts children between the ages of twelve and sixteen from criminal liability. However, it adds a crucial condition that takes into account the child’s maturity level. If a child within this age group commits an offense but lacks the understanding of its nature and consequences, they cannot be held criminally liable.

c) Section 292: Sale, etc., of Obscene Books, etc., to a Young Person: This section prohibits the sale, distribution, or exhibition of any obscene material to a child. It aims to protect children from exposure to explicit or harmful content that could have a detrimental impact on their mental and emotional well-being.

d) Section 363-369: Kidnapping and Abduction: These sections criminalize the act of kidnapping or abducting a child, with provisions for different circumstances and penalties. They emphasize the importance of safeguarding children from abduction and ensure that appropriate actions are taken to secure their safe return.

e) Section 375: Rape: While not specific to children, Section 375 of the IPC addresses the crime of rape. It is crucial to understand that any sexual act involving a child, regardless of the absence of consent, constitutes rape. This section provides vital protection for children against sexual offenses.

Reporting Child Abuse: If you suspect or witness any form of child abuse or violation of their rights, it is your moral and legal responsibility to report it immediately. India has implemented various child protection mechanisms, such as the Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012, which complements the IPC provisions.


As advocates for the protection of children, it is our duty to create awareness and ensure that individuals are well-informed about the laws that safeguard children’s rights. By understanding the IPC provisions related to child protection, we can work together to create a safer and more secure environment for our children. If you require legal assistance or have any concerns related to the protection of children, please feel free to reach out to us at the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates.


Advocate Muskan Chauhan


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