At the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, we understand the significance of adoption and its legal complexities. We aim to provide support and guidance to individuals navigating the adoption process in India. In this blog post, we will provide you with a comprehensive guide on the procedure for adopting children in India, helping you understand the legal framework and requirements involved.

Step 1: Pre-Adoption Counselling: Embarking on the journey of adoption begins with pre-adoption counselling sessions. These sessions, conducted by authorized agencies, help prospective adoptive parents understand the legalities, challenges, and responsibilities associated with adoption. It also aids in assessing their readiness and suitability for adoption.

Related Law: The Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Act, 2015 (JJ Act) and the Adoption Regulations, 2017.

Step 2: Registration and Home Study: Once counselling is completed, prospective adoptive parents need to register with the Central Adoption Resource Authority (CARA) through a recognized adoption agency. Our law firm can assist you in compiling the necessary documents and guide you through the registration process. Following registration, a comprehensive home study is conducted, evaluating factors such as financial stability, living conditions, and emotional preparedness.

Related Laws: The JJ Act and the Adoption Regulations, 2017.

Step 3: Child Referral: After the completion of the home study, the adoption agency prepares a Home Study Report (HSR) and registers the prospective adoptive parents in the Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System (ARIGS). Based on the preferences mentioned by the applicants, CARA matches them with a child available for adoption. Our team can provide legal support in reviewing the child’s information, including medical history and photographs, ensuring that the best interests of both the child and the prospective parents are considered.

Related Laws: The JJ Act and the Adoption Regulations, 2017.

Step 4: Acceptance of the Referral: Upon receiving the child’s information, prospective adoptive parents have the right to accept or reject the referral within the stipulated time frame. Our experienced adoption attorneys can guide you through the legal aspects of accepting the referral and help you provide the necessary written consent to proceed with the adoption.

Related Law: The Adoption Regulations, 2017.

Step 5: Adoption Petition: Once the referral is accepted, our law firm can assist you in filing an adoption petition with the appropriate court. The petition includes details about the child, the adoptive parents, and their eligibility for adoption. Our experienced lawyers will review the petition, ensure the inclusion of all relevant information, and submit it to the court.

Related Laws: The JJ Act, the Hindu Adoption and Maintenance Act, 1956 (for Hindus), and the Guardians and Wards Act, 1890 (for other religions).

Step 6: Adoption Order and Pre-Adoption Foster Care: If the court is satisfied with the adoption petition, it will pass an adoption order. Prior to the order being granted, the child is placed in pre-adoption foster care with the prospective parents for a trial period of two to six months. Our legal team can help you navigate through this phase, providing guidance and support during follow-up visits by the court to ensure the child’s well-being.

Related Law: The JJ Act and the Adoption Regulations, 2017.

Step 7: Post-Adoption Follow-up: Upon the passing of the adoption order, the child becomes a legal part of the adoptive family. It is essential to fulfil post-adoption follow-up requirements mandated by CARA and the relevant laws. Our law firm can provide you with assistance during the post-adoption follow-up visits, ensuring compliance with the legal obligations and the child’s continued welfare.

Related Law: The JJ Act and the Adoption Regulations, 2017.


Adoption is a profound decision that can transform lives. At the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, we recognize the significance of this journey and are dedicated to providing comprehensive litigation support services for adoption matters. By understanding the detailed procedure outlined in this blog post and availing our legal expertise, you can navigate the adoption process in India with confidence, ensuring the best interests of both the child and the prospective parents are protected. Contact us today to embark on your adoption journey with trusted legal support.

Author: Adocate Muskan Chauhan


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