Technology has developed a lot in the recent times. It has become advanced to an extent that technology has become the buzzword. Persons of every age are adapting to the new technology be it an elderly of 70 years of age or a small 5 year – old child. Technology also has a great impact on the judicial system. The judicial system is also adapting to the technology in the present world. Technology is not only impacting the judiciary but also the litigating side of the courts.


Several high-resolution PTZ cameras record the entire courtroom session. The judge has control over the recording software interface and can start and stop it at any moment. A judge, attorneys, public prosecutors, and other authorized users can study file records, evidence (knife, gun, etc.), and other case-related documents (depositions, notes, files, summons, orders, etc.) that have been scanned and digitalized using scanners and visualizers.
As directed by the judge during the case hearing, depositions can be recorded and linked to video recordings. Sufficient security measures have been implemented at the data encryption, digital signature, network, and application levels to protect data from unwanted access and accidental or purposeful harm.

The user can input partial search words containing the document identifier and/or portions of the expected metadata, and the system offers a customizable way to retrieve collected data. Through an ISDN or broadband IP network, the system is integrated with video conferencing systems at other sites. These places could be jails, police stations, FSLs, hospitals, etc.
This is a huge benefit because it saves money and valuable time while also being far safer.


The system application can be broadly divided into four privilege areas that are connected to the functioning of courts. Judge, Administrator, Courtroom personnel (Steno, Almad, Reader, etc.), and other users (such as public prosecutors and attorneys) are among them. Features of the application are made available in accordance with their duties and responsibilities as well as their functions.

Digitization of case files: Inside the courtroom, a scanning room has been established where case files are initially brought in. After being scanned, digitalized, and uploaded in encrypted form to a centralized storage server, the case files are then accessible via a software interface by authorized individuals.

Paperless Deposition: Court proceedings take place entirely digitally.
The judge and the attorneys can view the draft deposition on their screens once it has been typed by steno on a computer. The judge then digitally signs the deposition after the document is accepted. After that, this file is uploaded and added to the case file.

Recording of court proceedings: Using an interface that the judge is given; the court proceedings can be filmed using numerous high-quality PTZ cameras. On the server, the recordings are likewise stored in encrypted format. The software interface provides the user (Judge) with the ability to access these recordings, facilitating easy flashbacks to the previous instance in this case and tracking the case’s progress.

Video Conferencing: Anybody can provide a deposition via video conference from a distance. All that is required is an internet-based video conferencing solution, either through software or hardware. eCourt is initially connected to three hospitals, FSL, two police stations, and a jail for video conferences. The government must spend a significant amount of resources (manpower, security time, transportation costs, etc.) to produce witnesses and accusers in court each time. Instead, they can use video conferencing to provide their deposition from the hospitals and jails themselves.

Capturing evidence: We offered the court image services for their documents and evidence. Any type of imaging source, including cameras, can be used to submit photographs from the police, hospitals, reports, etc. To see and record evidence, there is a single visualizer that is indexed with court case records.
Arrangement for writing a DVD: There is a feature that allows for the provision of necessary data on a CD or DVD for anyone (a lawyer or concerned party) who requests digital papers or case footage.
Data exchange from a distance: The records can be seen or uploaded remotely by the police and hospital employees.


The integration of technology into the judiciary has revolutionized legal systems, significantly enhancing efficiency, accessibility, and transparency. Digital platforms streamline case management, while virtual courtrooms provide remote access, ensuring justice is delivered more swiftly and equitably. These technological advancements are not just about modernization; they are crucial for maintaining a functional and fair judicial process. However, this digital transformation presents challenges. Cybersecurity risks, data privacy concerns, and the digital divide must be addressed to protect the integrity and inclusivity of the judicial system. Robust policies and frameworks are essential to mitigate these issues while promoting technological adoption. Successful implementation of technology in the judiciary requires collaboration among legal professionals, technologists, and policymakers. Training and education are vital to ensure all stakeholders can effectively navigate the new digital landscape.

In conclusion, while technology offers powerful tools to enhance judicial operations, its success depends on careful planning, inclusive policies, and continuous adaptation. Embracing these advancements thoughtfully will enable the judiciary to improve its efficiency while upholding the fundamental principles of justice in the digital age.

Contributed by – Ishita Saxena

(Symbiosis Law School, Noida 2023-28)

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