The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 (the Act) is a landmark legislation in India, aiming to ensure the financial security and well-being of elderly individuals. As a lawyer, I’d like to delve into the key aspects of the Act and discuss its significance and challenges.

Key Provisions:

  • Maintenance Obligation: The Act places a legal obligation on children and certain relatives to financially support parents and senior citizens (aged 60+) who are unable to maintain themselves. This includes providing for their basic needs like food, clothing, shelter, and medical care.
  • Maintenance Tribunal: The Act establishes Maintenance Tribunals in each district to adjudicate on maintenance claims. These tribunals offer a faster and less cumbersome alternative to civil courts.
  • Quantum of Maintenance: The Tribunal determines the appropriate monthly maintenance amount based on the parent/senior citizen’s needs and the children/relatives’ financial capacity. There’s a maximum limit set by the state government (currently Rs. 10,000 per month) but no minimum.
  • Property Rights: The Act protects the property rights of senior citizens by making it a punishable offense to transfer their property without their informed consent or to exploit them financially.
  • Welfare Measures: The Act also mandates the establishment of old age homes by state governments to provide shelter and care for destitute senior citizens. Additionally, it envisages schemes for subsidized healthcare and other social welfare measures.


  • Fulfilling filial duties: The Act codifies the traditional Indian value of respecting and caring for elders, ensuring their financial security, even if their children are unable or unwilling to do so.
  • Protection against neglect: The Act provides legal recourse for senior citizens facing neglect or exploitation by their children or relatives, empowering them to claim their rightful maintenance.
  • Reducing societal burden: By supporting senior citizens within families, the Act potentially reduces the burden on the state in terms of providing social security and elderly care.


  • Awareness and Implementation: Despite the Act’s existence, many senior citizens, especially in rural areas, remain unaware of their rights and how to access legal remedies. Effective implementation across states with sufficient resources is crucial.
  • Misapplication and Abuse: There have been instances of the Act being misused for personal gain, with some children filing frivolous claims against their parents. Robust safeguards and dispute resolution mechanisms are needed.
  • Social Stigma: Societal stigma attached to seeking legal action against family members can deter senior citizens from pursuing their claims. Sensitization campaigns and community support are essential.

Additional Points:

  • The Act defines “children” broadly to include biological children, adopted children, step-children, grandchildren, and even daughters-in-law in certain circumstances.
  • The Act also provides for the appointment of social security officers to assist senior citizens in claiming maintenance and accessing other welfare benefits.
  • It’s important to note that legal interpretation and specific procedures may vary depending on the state’s rules and judicial precedents.


  • The Maintenance and Welfare of Parents and Senior Citizens Act, 2007 is a significant step towards safeguarding the rights and well-being of senior citizens in India. While challenges remain in terms of awareness, implementation, and societal attitudes, the Act offers a crucial legal framework for protecting the vulnerable elderly population. Lawyers have a critical role to play in raising awareness, providing legal counsel, and advocating for effective implementation of the Act.

Written by Adv Rohit Yadav

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