Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to Cybercrime. In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding Cybercrime, the legal framework for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these acts. Join us as we explore this critical subject and empower you with the knowledge to protect your rights and safety.

In our ever-advancing technological age, the internet has become an integral part of daily life, providing easy access to a wide range of services, from social networking to online shopping, and even online schooling and employment. As our reliance on the internet has grown, so has the shadow of cybercrime, a notion that was once poorly understood but is now a concerning issue in India and around the world.

The Rise of Cybercrime in India

As per a report from Norton Lifelock, a cybersecurity software company, over the past year, 27 million Indian adults fell victim to identity theft. Shockingly, 52 percent of people in the nation remain unaware of how to protect themselves against cybercrime.

In an effort to combat this growing issue, the Ministry of Home Affairs launched the National Cyber Crime Reporting Portal on August 30, 2019. This platform allows individuals to report cybercrimes, with a particular emphasis on crimes against women and children. Since its inception, the portal has recorded 3,17,439 cybercrime events and 5,771 FIRs (First Information Reports) in India, indicating the alarming frequency of cybercrimes across the nation.

Understanding Cybercrime

Cybercrime encompasses a wide array of illegal activities involving computers, computer networks, or networked devices. While some cybercrimes target computers directly, others focus on spreading malware, illegal information, images, or other content.

How Cybercrimes Occur

Cybercrimes can take place wherever digital data exists, and they are executed by a diverse range of actors, from individuals engaging in cyberbullying to state-sponsored hackers stealing intellectual property. These criminals often collaborate with others to execute their schemes, using various attack vectors to achieve their objectives while avoiding detection and prosecution.

Types of Cybercrimes

Cybercriminals target a wide range of valuable assets, leading to the categorization of cybercrimes into several types, including:

  1. Identity Theft: Criminals gain access to personal information to commit various fraudulent activities.
  2. Phishing: Hackers send malicious emails to users in an attempt to steal account information or access their computers.
  3. Social Engineering: Criminals use deception to obtain sensitive information directly from individuals.
  4. Cyberstalking: Criminals stalk individuals online to gather private information for their gain.
  5. Botnets: Hackers use networks of infected machines to transmit spam or attack other computers.
  6. Prohibited Content: Cybercriminals share offensive and disturbing content online.

Laws Governing Cybercrimes in India

In India, several statutes and regulations penalize cybercrimes, with the Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC) and the Information Technology Act, 2000 (IT Act) playing a significant role. These laws seek to address both traditional criminal actions and new-age offenses facilitated by computer technology.

Landmark Judgments

Several landmark judgments have shaped the landscape of cybercrime in India:

  1. Yahoo v. Akash Arora (1999): An early case of cybercrime involving the unauthorized use of the ‘’ domain name.
  2. CBI v. Arif Azim (Sony Sambandh Case) (2013): India’s first cybercrime conviction, involving internet fraud and credit card misuse.
  3. Pune Citibank Mphasis Call Center Fraud (2005): Fraudulent transactions involving the transfer of funds over the internet, highlighting the coverage of the IT Act.
  4. Nasscom v. Ajay Sood & Others (2005): A case illustrating that “phishing” on the internet is an illegal activity that can lead to injunctions and recovery of damages.
  5. Poona Auto Ancillaries Pvt. Ltd., Pune v. Punjab National Bank, HO New Delhi & Others (2013): A case where a bank was ordered to pay compensation to a victim for failing to protect against online fraud.
  6. State of Tamil Nadu v. Suhas Katti (2004): A case involving online harassment and defamation, highlighting the legal ramifications of such behavior.


The current cyber law framework in India, consisting of the IT Act and related regulations, is essential for addressing cybercrimes. However, it may not cover all evolving cybercrimes adequately. As India progresses toward becoming a ‘Digital India,’ the need for continuous updates to these laws to combat new and emerging cybercrimes is more pressing than ever. Cybersecurity and legal measures must keep pace with the ever-evolving landscape of technology and online threats.

We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services for matters related to CyberLaws.

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