Title: Supreme Court Denies DNA Testing in Custody Dispute, Prioritizing Child’s Best Interests

Case Title: Aparna Ajinkya Firodia v. Ajinkya Arun Firodia, 2021

Decided On: February 20, 2023


Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to DNA Testing. In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding DNA Testing, the legal framework in place for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these acts. Join us as we explore this critical subject and empower you with the knowledge to protect your rights and safety.

In the recent case of Aparna Ajinkya Firodia vs Ajinkya Arun Firodia (Civil Appeal No. 001308 / 2023), the Supreme Court, through a Judgment dated 20-02-2023, declined permission for DNA testing of a minor child embroiled in a custody and family dispute. The court ruled against the testing, citing the paramount consideration of the child’s best interests.


  1. The case involved a matrimonial dispute between Ajinkya Arun Firodia and Aparna Ajinkya Firodia, who had two sons born during their marriage.
  2. Allegations of the wife’s alleged adulterous relationship prompted the husband to file a divorce petition under Section 13 of the Hindu Marriage Act 1955.
  3. Seeking to establish paternity, the husband applied a DNA test of the second son.
  4. The Family Court granted the application, leading to a challenge by the wife in the High Court, claiming a violation of her right to personal liberty under Article 21 of the Constitution.

High Court’s Decision:

  1. The High Court upheld the Family Court’s order, considering the husband’s claims and the relevance of DNA testing to establish adultery allegations.
  2. Section 112 of the Evidence Act, providing for the presumption of conclusive proof of legitimacy, was cited to support the order.

Supreme Court’s Observations:

  1. The Supreme Court emphasized the presumption of legitimacy under Section 112, highlighting that the court should exercise caution before ordering DNA tests.
  2. Principles for directing DNA tests in matrimonial disputes were outlined, stressing the need for exceptional circumstances.
  3. The court stated that the child’s best interests, privacy rights, and psychological well-being must be prioritized when considering DNA testing.
  4. The absence of a plea about non-access and the husband’s admission that the child was born during the marriage influenced the court’s decision.
  5. The court rejected the argument that the DNA test was necessary to prove adultery, citing other evidence submitted by the husband, such as call recordings and the wife’s diary.

Conclusion: In its judgment, the Supreme Court concluded that ordering a DNA test was not in the best interest of the child, especially when the primary motive was to prove adultery allegations against the mother. The court set aside the Family Court’s order and the High Court’s decision, directing the husband to pay costs of Rs. 1 Lakh to the wife.

We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services for matters related to the Indian Evidence Act 1872.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This field is required.

This field is required.


The following disclaimer governs the use of this website (“Website”) and the services provided by the Law offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate & Associates in accordance with the laws of India. By accessing or using this Website, you acknowledge and agree to the terms and conditions stated in this disclaimer.

The information provided on this Website is for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice or relied upon as such. The content of this Website is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship between you and the Law Firm. Any reliance on the information provided on this Website is done at your own risk.

The Law Firm makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information contained on this Website.

The Law Firm disclaims all liability for any errors or omissions in the content of this Website or for any actions taken in reliance on the information provided herein. The information contained in this website, should not be construed as an act of solicitation of work or advertisement in any manner.