Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to corporate law. In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding business law, the legal framework in place for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these acts. Join us as we explore this critical subject and empower you with the knowledge to protect your rights and safety.


A geographical indication (GI) is a sign used on products that have a specific geographical origin and possess qualities, reputation, or characteristics that are essentially attributable to that place of origin. These indications are typically used to protect and promote products with a unique connection to their geographical origin, which can include factors like natural conditions, traditional production methods, and specific qualities or characteristics associated with that region.

In essence, GIs are used to:

  1. Identify the geographical origin of a product.
  2. Convey the idea that certain qualities, reputation, or characteristics of the product are linked to that origin.
  3. Protect the product from imitation or misuse.

Here are some examples of geographical indications in India:

  1. Darjeeling Tea: Darjeeling tea, grown in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal, is renowned for its distinctive flavor and aroma. It’s one of India’s most famous GIs.
  2. Assam Tea: Assam tea, primarily grown in the Assam region, is known for its bold and brisk flavor. It’s one of the world’s largest tea-producing regions.
  3. Kashmir Pashmina: Pashmina is a fine type of cashmere wool, and Kashmiri Pashmina is highly sought after for its softness and warmth. It comes from the Kashmir Valley.
  4. Banarasi Silk Sarees: Banarasi silk sarees are woven in Varanasi (formerly known as Banaras) and are famous for their intricate design and fine silk fabric.
  5. Kanchipuram Silk Sarees: These sarees are woven in Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, and are known for their vibrant colors, heavy silk, and distinctive borders.
  6. Alphonso Mangoes: Alphonso mangoes, often called the “King of Mangoes,” are grown in specific regions of Maharashtra, Goa, and Gujarat. They are prized for their sweetness and flavor.
  7. Basmati Rice: Basmati rice, grown in the foothills of the Himalayas, is famous for its long grains, fragrance, and delicate flavor.
  8. Goa Feni: Feni is a traditional liquor produced in the state of Goa. It is made from cashew apples or coconut sap and has a unique taste.
  9. Kadaknath Chicken: Kadaknath is a breed of chicken native to Madhya Pradesh and is known for its dark meat and unique flavor.
  10. Champaran Darbhanga Sattu: Sattu is a flour made from roasted grams and is used in various culinary preparations. The one from Champaran and Darbhanga in Bihar is especially famous.
  11. Nagpur Orange: Nagpur in Maharashtra is known for its sweet and juicy oranges, and these oranges have a GI status.
  12. Salem Fabric: Salem fabric refers to the cotton fabric manufactured in Salem, Tamil Nadu, and is known for its durability and softness.
  13. Mysore Sandalwood Oil: Sandalwood oil from Mysore, Karnataka, is famous for its high quality and is used in perfumes and cosmetics.

These are just a few examples, and India has many more geographical indications across various regions, each representing the unique characteristics and traditions associated with the specific product and its place of origin. Geographical indications help protect the reputation and quality of these products while also promoting local economies.

However, it’s common for such acts or laws to provide the following types of protections:

  1. Legal Protection: The act typically grants legal protection to products with registered geographical indications, prohibiting others from using the same or similar indications for products not originating in the designated geographical area.
  2. Quality Assurance: It often sets standards and criteria that must be met by products bearing the geographical indication to ensure they maintain a certain level of quality and authenticity.
  3. Preventing Misuse: It prevents the unauthorized use of the geographical indication or misleading consumers into thinking a product comes from a different region.
  4. Promotion and Marketing: The act may include provisions for promoting and marketing products with geographical indications to help local producers and boost the regional economy.
  5. Registration and Enforcement: Establishes mechanisms for registering geographical indications and enforcing the rights associated with them, including legal remedies for infringement We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services for matters related to corporate law. Written By – Adv Arti Mudgil

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