Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to the Companies Act, 2013. In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding the Companies Act, 2013, the legal framework in place for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these heinous acts. Join us as we explore this critical subject and empower you with the knowledge to protect your rights and safety.

What Is the Companies Act?

The Companies Act is legislation that governs the establishment, operation, and management of companies in many jurisdictions. The Companies Act serves as a regulatory framework for corporate governance and operations. While it promotes business growth and development, it also holds companies accountable for their actions. This article sheds light on the various offences that can be committed by companies under the purview of the Companies Act and emphasizes the importance of upholding corporate responsibility.

Offences Under the Companies Act, 2013

  1. Failure to Register a Company: The Companies Act usually requires companies to register with the appropriate regulatory authority. Failure to do so or intentionally providing false information during the registration process can be an offence.
  2. Failure to Maintain Statutory Registers: Companies are generally required to maintain various statutory registers, such as the register of members, register of directors, and register of charges. Failing to keep these registers up to date or failing to make them available for inspection when required can lead to penalties.
  3. Breach of Director’s Duties: Directors have certain fiduciary and statutory duties towards the company, its shareholders, and other stakeholders. Breaching these duties, such as acting in a manner that is not in the best interests of the company or engaging in fraudulent activities, can result in legal action and penalties.
  4. Failure to File Annual Returns and Financial Statements: Most Companies Acts mandate that companies file annual returns and financial statements within specific timeframes. Failing to file these documents or submitting false or misleading information can be considered an offence.
  5. Insider Trading and Market Manipulation: The Companies Act typically prohibits insider trading, which involves trading securities based on non-public, material information. Market manipulation, such as creating a false or misleading appearance of the price or trading activity of securities, is also generally prohibited.
  6. Fraudulent Trading: Engaging in activities with the intent to defraud creditors, shareholders, or any other person is often considered a serious offence under the Companies Act.
  7. Unlawful Reduction of Capital: The Companies Act usually sets out specific procedures for reducing a company’s share capital. If a reduction is not done in accordance with the prescribed rules or is intended to defraud creditors, it can lead to legal consequences.
  8. Breach of Reporting Requirements: Companies are typically required to disclose certain information to the regulatory authorities and shareholders, including changes in share capital, changes in directors or company secretaries, and significant events. Failure to comply with these reporting requirements can result in penalties.

The specific offences and penalties can vary significantly depending on the jurisdiction and the Companies Act applicable to the company.


The Companies Act plays a crucial role in ensuring corporate accountability and transparency. Offences committed by companies covered by this legislation, such as fraudulent activities, failure to maintain proper books of accounts, non-compliance with filing requirements, and breach of director’s duties, are serious matters that can have far-reaching consequences. Companies must prioritize ethical conduct, financial transparency, and compliance to foster a healthy business environment and uphold the trust of their stakeholders.

We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services for matters related to the Companies Act, 2013. We have a website on which we publish blogs informing the litigants about the said laws. Draft a blog which can be published on our website…..

Written By: Adv Priyanka Goel

Prasanjit Mallick

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