Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. VivekTanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to arbitration and mediation ,women related issues ,marriage counselling . In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding international law , the legal framework in place for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these acts. Join us as we explore this critical subject and empower you with the knowledge to protect your rights and safety.


International Law: International law refers to the set of rules and principles that govern relations between states and other international actors in the global arena. It encompasses a wide range of topics, including diplomatic relations, treaties, international organizations, human rights, environmental protection, trade, and more. International law is aimed at promoting peaceful coexistence, resolving disputes, and ensuring cooperation among nations.

Types of International Law:

  1. Public International Law: This type of international law deals with the legal relationships between states and other international entities. It includes areas like diplomatic law, treaty law, law of the sea, international humanitarian law, and more.
  2. Private International Law (Conflict of Laws): Private international law focuses on matters involving individuals or entities with connections to different legal systems. It addresses issues like jurisdiction, applicable law, and recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments.

Legal Bodies in International Law:

  1. United Nations (UN): The United Nations is a prominent international organization established to promote international cooperation and maintain peace and security. It includes several bodies relevant to international law, such as the General Assembly, the Security Council, the International Court of Justice (ICJ), and various specialized agencies.
  2. International Court of Justice (ICJ): Often referred to as the World Court, the ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations. It settles disputes between states and gives advisory opinions on legal questions referred to it by UN organs and specialized agencies.
  3. International Criminal Court (ICC): The ICC is a permanent international court established to prosecute individuals for the most serious crimes of international concern, such as genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and aggression.
  4. World Trade Organization (WTO): The WTO is an international organization that deals with the global rules of trade between nations. It provides a forum for negotiating trade agreements, handling trade disputes, and monitoring national trade policies.
  5. International Maritime Organization (IMO): The IMO is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for regulating shipping. It develops and maintains a comprehensive framework of global maritime rules and standards.
  6. International Labor Organization (ILO): The ILO is a UN agency that sets international labor standards, promotes decent work, and fosters social justice and workers’ rights.
  7. World Health Organization (WHO): The WHO is a specialized agency of the UN responsible for international public health. It sets health standards, monitors global health trends, and coordinates responses to health emergencies.
  8. European Court of Human Rights (ECHR): The ECHR is a regional human rights court that oversees the implementation of the European Convention on Human Rights and hears cases brought by individuals against member states.

These are just a few examples of the many legal bodies and organizations that play a role in the field of international law. Each body has its own specific functions and jurisdiction within the broader framework of international relations and law.

Written By- Adv Arti Mudgil (P2167/2013)

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