In General term Environment, is considered as ‘’nature’’. Moreover, It would be everything that surrounds us, the water we drink, the air we breathe, the plants, the animals etc. However, It is the set of conditions that we have adopted to live in and behave.

Therefore, In the legal Term, under, Environment (Protection) Act, 1986, “Environment” includes water, air and land and the inter-relationship which exists among and between water, air and land, and Human beings, other living creatures, plants, microorganisms, and property.

List of environmental laws in India

Top 6 Environmental laws that are enacted in India:
1. Firstly, Wildlife (Protection ) Act, 1972
2. Secondly, Water (Prevention and Control Of Pollution ) Act, 1974
3. Further, The Water(Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act,1977
4. Also, Forests (Conservation) Act, 1980
5. Moreover, Air (Prevention and Control Of Pollution) Act, 1981
6. Lastly, Environment Protection Act, 1986.

Other Provisions:-
1. Public Liability Insurance Act,1991
2. The Biological Diversity Act,2002
3. The National Green Tribunal Act, 2010

Constitutional Provisions related to the environment:-
1. Article 21
2. Articles 48A and Article51 (A)(g)
3. Article 253
4. Article 246

Law of Crimes and environment:-

Indian Penal Code, 1860:-
The provisions under Sections 268 to 294-A of Chapter XIV, of The IPC, deal with the offenses affecting public health, safety, convenience, decency, and morals. Moreover, Some of the sections are concerned with the matters of public nuisance, a negligent act  that likely to spread infection of disease that is  dangerous to life, adulteration, fouling of water etc.

The Code of Criminal Procedure Code 1908:-
There is a significant chapter in Crpc, of Public Order and Tranquility. And divided into four parts:-
a. Firstly, Part A, Section 129 to 132- unlawful assembly

b. Secondly, Part B, Section 133 to 143 – Public Nuisance

 c.Thirdly, Part C, Section 144 – urgent cases of apprehended danger

d. Lastly, Part D, Section 145 to 148- disputes as to immovable property

However, the Fundamental principles of the environment:-
1. Firstly, Sustainable Development,
2. Secondly, Precautionary Principle,
3. Thirdly, Polluter Pays Principle,
4. Fourthly, Public Trust Doctrine,
5. Lastly, Public Liability Insurance.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

This field is required.

This field is required.


The following disclaimer governs the use of this website (“Website”) and the services provided by the Law offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate & Associates in accordance with the laws of India. By accessing or using this Website, you acknowledge and agree to the terms and conditions stated in this disclaimer.

The information provided on this Website is for general informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice or relied upon as such. The content of this Website is not intended to create, and receipt of it does not constitute, an attorney-client relationship between you and the Law Firm. Any reliance on the information provided on this Website is done at your own risk.

The Law Firm makes no representations or warranties of any kind, express or implied, regarding the accuracy, completeness, reliability, or suitability of the information contained on this Website.

The Law Firm disclaims all liability for any errors or omissions in the content of this Website or for any actions taken in reliance on the information provided herein. The information contained in this website, should not be construed as an act of solicitation of work or advertisement in any manner.