Zero FIR is a crucial legal provision in India that aims to expedite the process of reporting and investigating crimes by allowing the registration of an FIR at any police station, regardless of the location where the crime occurred. This concept came up as a recommendation in the Justice Verma Committee Report, in the new Criminal Law (Amendment) Act, 2013, after the horrendous Nirbhaya rape and murder case which took place in December 2012,to ensure prompt and efficient access to justice for victims and provide a more effective mechanism for addressing criminal offenses. In this post, we will delve deeper into the concept of Zero FIR in India, its significance, procedure, and its impact on ensuring a safer society.

1. What is Zero FIR?

Zero FIR is a unique that empowers an individual to an FIR at any police station, irrespective of the jurisdiction where the crime took place. It is termed “Zero” as it does not bear any jurisdictional constraints and can be registered immediately. This provision is particularly crucial in cases where immediate action is necessary, and the delay caused by determining the correct jurisdiction could result in the loss of crucial evidence or the endangerment of the victim.

2. Background of Zero FIR

The introduction of Zero FIR was a significant step in the Indian criminal justice system to address the challenges posed by jurisdictional limitations. Earlier, cases outside the jurisdiction of a police station were often delayed or neglected, leading to potential injustice for victims.

3. Purpose of Zero FIR

The primary objective of Zero FIR is to ensure the timely and efficient reporting and investigation of crimes, especially when the victim is away from the incident’s jurisdiction or during emergencies.

4. When to File a Zero FIR

Zero FIR can be filed for any criminal offense, ranging from theft, assault, kidnapping, harassment, sexual offenses, to more serious crimes like murder and terrorism.

5. Importance of Zero FIR

Zero FIR plays a pivotal role in securing justice swiftly, particularly in cases of emergencies or when the victim is in distress and unable to approach the police station having territorial jurisdiction.

6. Filing a Zero FIR

To file a Zero FIR, the victim or informant needs to visit any nearby police station and request the registration of the FIR. The police at that station must record the FIR promptly, without insisting on jurisdictional constraints.

7. Notifying the Jurisdiction

After registering the Zero FIR, the police station where it was filed immediately informs the jurisdictional police station where the crime occurred.

8. Timeframe for Transfer

The police station receiving the Zero FIR must transfer the case to the appropriate police station with territorial jurisdiction within a specified timeframe, usually within 24 hours.

9. Rights of the Informant

Informants filing a Zero FIR have the right to receive a copy of the FIR for their records. This ensures transparency and allows them to follow up on the progress of the investigation.

10 Geographical Barriers:

India’s diverse and vast geographical landscape presented obstacles for individuals seeking justice. Victims, especially those residing in rural or remote areas, found it difficult to reach a police station within the jurisdiction of the crime promptly. This geographical barrier hindered the timely initiation of investigations.

11. Zero FIR for Women’s Safety

Zero FIR assumes particular significance in cases of crimes against women, as it allows for immediate action and provides protection to the victim.

12. Assisting Tourists and Travelers

Tourists and travelers who may face difficulties in reporting crimes away from their home jurisdiction find Zero FIR beneficial, as it removes hurdles in reporting offenses.

13. Role of Police Hierarchy

The hierarchy within the police department plays a crucial role in ensuring the smooth communication and transfer of the Zero FIR to the appropriate investigating officer for further action.

14. Preventing Suppression of Crimes

The concept of Zero FIR minimizes the chances of crimes being suppressed or neglected due to jurisdictional complexities, ensuring a fair and thorough investigation.

15. Public Awareness

Creating public awareness about Zero FIR is essential, as it empowers citizens to report crimes without hesitation and reinforces the importance of prompt reporting for effective law enforcement.


The concept of Zero FIR in India is a vital legal provision that empowers individuals to report crimes without the limitations of jurisdictional boundaries. By facilitating immediate action and investigation, Zero FIR enhances accessibility to justice and ensures the timely resolution of criminal cases. Understanding the significance and procedure of Zero FIR empowers citizens to exercise their rights and contribute to building a safer and more just society.

Written by Adv Rohit Yadav

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