Vijay Moses Das v. CBI – A Landmark Case in Plea Bargaining

Decided On: 10 MAR, 2010


Welcome to the official blog of the Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates, where we are dedicated to providing litigation support services for matters related to Plea Bargaining. In today’s blog post, we aim to shed light on the prevailing issues surrounding Plea Bargaining, the legal framework for their protection, and the steps we can take as a society to combat these acts.

Plea bargaining has emerged as a crucial component of the criminal justice system in India. Its jurisprudence continues to evolve through various cases that test its applicability and procedures. One such milestone case in the development of plea bargaining in India is the Vijay Moses Das v. CBI. This case involved allegations of supplying substandard material to ONGC, resulting in significant losses for the organization. The accused sought to utilize the plea bargaining route to reduce his sentence, which was accepted by the opposing party. However, despite the willingness of both parties, the trial court raised concerns regarding the acceptance of plea bargaining, primarily due to the absence of a crucial affidavit under Section 265B of the Code of Criminal Procedure.

The Background

In the Vijay Moses Das case, the accused was facing allegations of providing substandard materials to the Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC), a state-owned entity. These substandard supplies compounded the troubles faced by ONGC, particularly due to their incorrect port of delivery. As a result, ONGC suffered substantial financial losses.

Recognizing the severity of the charges against him and perhaps the potential consequences, the accused expressed his intent to pursue a plea bargaining arrangement. The other party, which, in this case, was the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), showed a willingness to engage in plea bargaining negotiations.

CBI’s Investigation and Stance

The CBI, responsible for investigating the case, considered the provisions under Sections 420, 468, and 471 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). After a comprehensive investigation, the CBI concluded that plea bargaining was a viable option in this case. The CBI’s stance in favor of plea bargaining indicated its recognition of the advantages of this approach in expediting the resolution of the case.

Obstacles to Plea Bargaining

While both parties, the accused and the prosecution (CBI), were agreeable to the idea of plea bargaining, the trial court introduced a significant obstacle to this process. The court’s decision was grounded in the absence of a specific affidavit required under Section 265B of the Code of Criminal Procedure.

The Role of the Affidavit under Section 265B

Section 265B of the Code of Criminal Procedure plays a pivotal role in the plea bargaining process in India. It sets out essential conditions that must be satisfied for plea bargaining to be accepted. Among these conditions, the affidavit filed by the accused assumes significance as it essentially signifies their formal request to engage in plea bargaining. In this case, the accused had not submitted the requisite affidavit, leading the trial court to reject the plea bargaining proposal.


The Vijay Moses Das v. CBI case serves as a notable example of the complexities and nuances within the plea bargaining framework in India. While plea bargaining can offer an efficient way to resolve criminal cases to the satisfaction of both parties, it is subject to strict adherence to the procedural requirements outlined in the law. The absence of a seemingly straightforward affidavit can be a formidable barrier, as demonstrated in this case. It underscores the importance of a meticulous approach when engaging in plea bargaining, with a clear understanding of the legal prerequisites that govern this process.

We are a law firm in the name and style of Law Offices of Kr. Vivek Tanwar Advocate and Associates at Gurugram and Rewari. We are providing litigation support services for matters related to the  Criminal Procedure Code 1973.

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